What do the Baha’is teachings say about heaven and hell?

The Baha’i scriptures state that the next world is real, but it is not a physical place. We cannot perceive its existence through our physical senses because it is a different reality. It exists on a different plane than the physical universe, but the two are connected and affect each other in certain ways.

The human soul is part of that spiritual world. The soul comes into existence at the moment of conception. It is ultimately dependent for its progress and happiness upon its relationship with God. Heaven, then, is a spiritual state of nearness to God. Hell is remoteness from God.

For Baha’is, then, heaven and hell are metaphors for the relative spiritual condition of the soul. The Baha’i scriptures state that the soul is never static. It progresses in this world and continues to progress in the life beyond, attaining ever greater perfections and closer communion with God. In this physical world progress is dependent on our own volition. If we choose to turn to God, we can progress. If not, we become the victim of our lesser nature and fail to attain true happiness. Baha’u’llah writes, “‘Where is Paradise, and where is Hell?’ Say: ‘The one is reunion with Me; the other thine own self. . . .’” – Tablets of Baha’u’llah, p. 118.

The Path of Spiritual Progress

Baha’u’llah taught that spiritual progress is dependent upon certain conditions. The most important is our own conscious effort to attain it. In this respect the human being in this world is quite different from the unborn child, who has no choice in the matter of its physical development. Spiritual growth is open to all who sincerely strive. He wrote to one individual:

And now, concerning thy question regarding the creation of man. Know thou that all men have been created in the nature made by God, the Guardian, the Self-Subsisting. . . . All that which ye potentially possess can, however, be manifested only as a result of your own volition. Your own acts testify to this truth. – Gleanings from the Writings of Baha’u’llah, p. 149.

Yet as important as volition and striving are, no matter how much they try, human beings cannot attain spiritual progress or eternal life alone and unaided. The prophets of God appear so that they may teach us how to achieve our purpose and thereby attain eternal happiness:

The Prophets and Messengers of God have been sent down for the sole purpose of guiding mankind to the straight Path of Truth. The purpose underlying Their revelation hath been to educate all men, that they may, at the hour of death, ascend, in the utmost purity and sanctity and with absolute detachment, to the throne of the Most High. The light which these souls radiate is responsible for the progress of the world and the advancement of its peoples. – Ibid., pp. 156-157.

To recognize the messenger of God means to have faith in him and to follow his teachings. The opening page of Baha’u’llah’s Most Holy Book contains the following passage:

The first duty prescribed by God for His servants is the recognition of Him Who is the Dayspring of His Revelation and the Fountain of His laws, Who representeth the Godhead in both the Kingdom of His Cause and the world of creation. Whoso achieveth this duty hath attained unto all good; and whoso is deprived thereof hath gone astray, though he be the author of every righteous deed. It behooveth everyone who reacheth this most sublime station, this summit of transcendent glory, to observe every ordinance of Him Who is the Desire of the world. These twin duties are inseparable. Neither is acceptable without the other. Thus hath it been decreed by Him Who is the Source of Divine inspiration. – p. 19.

The prophets of God reveal teachings conducive not only to individual spiritual progress but also to the advancement of human society:

O ye peoples of the world! Know assuredly that My commandments are the lamps of My loving providence among My servants, and the keys of My mercy for My creatures. Thus hath it been sent down from the heaven of the Will of your Lord, the Lord of Revelation. Were any man to taste the sweetness of the words which the lips of the All-Merciful have willed to utter, he would, though the treasures of the earth be in his possession, renounce them one and all, that he might vindicate the truth of even one of His commandments, shining above the Dayspring of His bountiful care and loving-kindness. – Ibid., pp. 19-20.

All human societies provide in some way for the education of their children. In this way they ensure that their young ones will acquire the knowledge, skills, and moral development necessary for prosperous and happy lives. Likewise, God provides for His children—that is, humanity—through the appearance of divine Teachers, Who lay the groundwork for our spiritual education and eternal happiness.

But children differ in their inclinations. Although all may have access to education, not all have the same capacity. And there are always those who, due to immaturity or other defects of character, either do not apply themselves or completely refuse to avail themselves of the opportunity. Our relationship to the divine Teachers is the same. We have the power to choose whether we will benefit from their teachings.

Many of the teachings are, in fact, laws that God expects us to observe. We might not always understand the full significance or meaning of such laws, but that does not excuse us. We must have faith that they are intended for our benefit, and we must strive to apply them and better understand them over the course of time.

Once again, children provide an example of this principle. Parents must set rules for their offspring, although the children themselves may not understand the reasons for the rules until much later in life. The disciplines that might appear harsh and restrictive to a child are in reality the basis of prosperity and lifelong happiness. It is only in the fullness of time that they are able to appreciate the wisdom of this parental guidance.

The same principle holds true in our relationship with the prophets of God. Like loving parents, they teach us what we need to do to achieve our own prosperity and happiness. Out of faith, we accept and follow their guidance, and thereby attain true happiness.

 

Next: Knowing Yourself and Attaining True Freedom

 

The opinions and views expressed in this article are those of the author only and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of BahaiTeachings.org or any institution of the Baha’i Faith.

1 Comment

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  • Dec 18, 2015
    One important element was overlooked in the above -- the "second birth." As Baha'u'llah and the Master make clear, without the second birth - also known as "born again" and "baptism in the Spirit" - the soul of a man cannot progress.
    "159. As to thy question, doth every soul without exception achieve life everlasting? Know thou that immortality belongeth to those souls in whom hath been breathed the spirit of life from God. All save these are lifeless -- they are the dead, even as Christ hath explained in the Gospel text. He whose eyes the Lord hath opened ...will see the souls of men in the stations they will occupy after their release from the body. He will find the living ones thriving within the precincts of their Lord, and the dead sunk down in the lowest abyss of perdition."
    (Abdu'l-Baha, Selections from the Writings of Abdu'l-Baha, p. 189)
    and
    "In another instance His Holiness the Christ says, "Whosoever has not received a portion of the spirit is as dead. Let the dead bury their dead." This means that although the souls of humanity are living, yet if they are deprived of contact with the spirit they are as dead. In another place Christ says, "You must be baptized with the spirit." This spirit of faith is the flame of reality, the life of humanity and the cause of eternal illumination. It inspires man to attain the virtues and perfections of the divine world.
    "It is my hope that each one of you may become conscious of this flame."
    (Abdu'l-Baha, Divine Philosophy, p. 122)
    and
    "Concerning thy question whether all the souls enjoy eternal life: Know thou those souls partake of the Eternal Life in whom the Spirit of Life is breathed from the Presence of God and all beside them are dead -- without Life, as Christ hath explained in the texts of the Gospel."
    (Abdu'l-Baha, Tablets of Abdu'l-Baha v2, p. 452
    Another few verses:
    "The Prophets come into the world to guide and educate humanity so that the animal nature of man may disappear and the divinity of his powers become awakened. The divine aspect or spiritual nature consists of the breaths of the Holy Spirit. The second birth of which Jesus has spoken refers to the appearance of this heavenly nature in man. It is expressed in the baptism of the Holy Spirit, and he who is baptized by the Holy Spirit is a veritable manifestation of divine mercy to mankind. Then he becomes just and kind to all humanity; he entertains prejudice and ill will toward none; he shuns no nation or people."
    (Abdu'l-Baha, The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 41)
    and
    "During the time Jesus Christ was upon the earth mankind sought nearness to God, but in that day no one attained it save a very few -- His disciples. Those blessed souls were confirmed with divine nearness through the love of God. Divine nearness is dependent upon attainment to the knowledge of God, upon severance from all else save God. It is contingent upon self-sacrifice and to be found only through forfeiting wealth and worldly possessions. It is made possible through the baptism of water and fire revealed in the Gospels. Water symbolizes the water of life, which is knowledge, and fire is the fire of the love of God; therefore, man must be baptized with the water of life, the Holy Spirit and the fire of the love of the Kingdom. Until he attains these three degrees, nearness to God is not possible."
    (Abdu'l-Baha, The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 147)
    So, while man's volition is necessary for spiritual progress, it is only effective when the Spirit of God is active in his decision-making and all other aspects of life.
    Finally, spiritual progress in the next worlds of God is not a certainly; as gravity, death, and taxes are in this world. "The soul does not evolve from degree to degree as a law -- it only evolves nearer to God, by the Mercy and Bounty of God."
    (Abdu'l-Baha, Paris Talks, p. 64)
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