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ONE MORNING AFTER his talk at the Lake Mohonk Conference on International Arbitration, Abdu’l-Baha went walking with some friends near the Mountain House, where the conference was held. The group came upon a party of young people. After a few words of greeting Abdu’l-Baha said that he would recount a fable he had heard in the East.

Illustration for Jean de la FontaineHoward Colby Ives, a Unitarian minister from New Jersey, reported the occasion twenty-five years later in his book, Portals to Freedom. The fable Abdu’l-Baha told, which is often incorrectly attributed to Aesop, appeared for the first time during the Middle Ages. William Langland included a version of it in Piers Plowman, his allegorical narrative poem from the late fourteenth century, calling it “The Parliament of the Rats and Mice.”

Once upon a time, Abdu’l-Baha narrated, the rats and mice held an important conference, the subject of which was to make peace with the cat. The cat, Langland wrote, “came whenever he liked and leapt on them easily and seized them at his will, and played with them perilously and batted them about.”

“A rat of renown, most eloquent of speech,” Langland continues, “presented an excellent remedy to them all. ‘I have seen men in the city of London wearing bright necklaces around their necks, and some craftily worked collars. They go about unleashed both in warren and wasteland wherever they like, and elsewhere at other times, as I hear tell. Were there a bell on their necklace, by Jesus, it seems to me that men might know where they were and run away.’ ”

“ ‘And so,’ ” said the rat, “ ‘reason tells me to buy a bell of brass or bright silver and fasten it on a collar for our common good and hang it on the cat’s neck; then we can hear whether he rides, rests, or roams about to play. If he wishes to amuse himself, then we can appear in his presence, and if he is angry, we can be wary and shun his way.’ ”

Abdu'l-Baha on the lawn Mohonk MountainThis seemed like an excellent plan, Abdu’l-Baha explained, until the question arose as to who should undertake the dangerous job of belling the cat. None of the rats liked the idea and the mice thought they were altogether too weak. So the conference broke up in confusion.

“Everyone laughed,” Ives tells, “‘Abdu’l-Bahá with them. After a short pause he added that that is much like these Peace Conferences. Many words, but no one is likely to approach the question of who will bell the Czar of Russia, the Emperor of Germany, the President of France and the Emperor of Japan.”

“Faces were now more grave,” Ives wrote.

Abdu’l-Baha laughed again. “It is very easy to come here,” he concluded, “camp near this beautiful lake, on these charming hills, far away from everybody and deliver speeches on Universal Peace. These ideals should be spread and put in action over there, (Europe) not here in the world’s most peaceful corner.”


Read the next 239 Days in America article: The Amazing Race

Read the previous 239 Days in America article: Abdu’l-Baha Scales “The Gunks”


This article was originally published on May 15, 2012 at, a social media documentary following Abdu’l-Baha’s 1912 journey through North America. © Jonathan Menon, 2012. This article may not be republished without prior written permission. Contact


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