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THE MERCURY WAS RISING quickly when Abdu’l-Baha finally stepped down from the train just before 9 a.m. He got into Agnes Parsons’ carriage and was ferried to the house he had rented at 1901 Eighteenth Street, NW, just a five-minute walk from the Parsons’ home, near Dupont Circle. Every day for the next five days he would speak to large crowds in the Parsons’ bright white and yellow ballroom at 4 p.m. — it sat 150 people — and would welcome guests to his own residence every morning.

Pennsylvania Ave in Washington DCAt 8:15 p.m. that night, Abdu’l-Baha rose to speak at the Universalist Church of Our Father, at Thirteenth and L Streets. Back on April 21 the church’s pastor, the Reverend Dr. John van Schaick, had waited on the sidewalk to meet Abdu’l-Baha, and had conducted him through a side door to the chancel. After an introduction, Abdu’l-Baha spoke on the underlying unity of the world’s religions. This time, he spoke about liberty.

“Praise be God! The standard of liberty is held aloft in this land,” Abdu’l-Baha began. “You enjoy political liberty; you enjoy liberty of thought and speech, religious liberty, racial and personal liberty. Surely this is worthy of appreciation and thanksgiving.”

Universalist Church of Our FatherAlthough Abdu’l-Baha prized America’s liberty, his long years of imprisonment had given him a fundamentally different understanding of freedom. “After being forty years a prisoner I can tell you that freedom is not a matter of place,” he told reporters on the SS Cedric in New York Harbor, on his first day on America. “When one is released from the prison of self, that is indeed a release.”

At the Universalist Church, Abdu’l-Baha connected liberty with being liberal toward others. “Liberalism is essential in this day,” he said, defining it as “justness and equity toward all nations and people.” Speaking of the openness and acceptance one must extend to all nations, races and creeds, he told the congregation: “Human attitudes must not be limited; for God is unlimited, and whosoever is the servant of the threshold of God must, likewise, be free from limitations.”

Abdu’l-Baha then spoke about brotherhood and fraternity. He enumerated various types of brotherhood — those based on familial bonds, patriotism, race, even a sense of altruism towards the entire human race — noting that each, ultimately, was limited. Only a brotherhood based on the power of the Holy Spirit, he said — one that is truly “spiritual in character” — ensures that “indestructible brotherhood which includes all the divine possibilities and significance in humanity.”

Abdu’l-Baha concluded his talk that evening by restating the unique role America must play in achieving international peace. “This noble nation,” he said, “intelligent, thoughtful, reflective, is not impelled by motives of territorial aggrandizement and lust for dominion.” He told his audience that Americans displayed a “oneness of interest and unity of national policy.”

“These are, indeed, United States,” he said. “Therefore, this nation possesses the capacity and capability for holding aloft the banner of international peace. May this noble people be the cause of unifying humanity.”


Read the next 239 Days in America article: Abdu’l-Baha’s Assault on the Color Line

Read the previous 239 Days in America article: The Wilson Landslide


This article was originally published on November 8, 2012 at, a social media documentary following Abdu’l-Baha’s 1912 journey through North America. © Caitlin Shadya Jones, 2012. This article may not be republished without prior written permission. Contact


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