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You probably would’ve liked Eduardo Vieira. Most people did. A distinguished, warm, friendly man, he was “well educated, charming, liberal-minded and profoundly spiritual.”

Born in Portuguese Guinea, now Guinea Bissau, West Africa–a country where Sunni Islam and Catholicism are the main religions, and where most people believe in some form of animism–Eduardo was well-liked amongst his people. He held a prominent governmental position, one that allowed him to welcome important visitors to his capital city of Bissau. His spirituality made him a natural choice to become a member of his church council. He was a family man. He and his wife, Tania, parented seven children.

But Eduardo’s success would change suddenly, when a series of events plummeted Vieira and his family into a maelstrom.

Eduardo Vieira

Eduardo Vieira

Sometime during the late 1950s or early 1960s, Vieira encountered the teachings of Baha’u’llah during a short trip to Lisbon, Portugal. Embracing the Baha’i Faith, his knowledge, enthusiasm, and staunch belief radiated and grew. Returning to his native soil, Vieira not only severed his ties with his church, but outwardly began to tell others about the exciting new teachings he had discovered.

His wife, after study, prayer, and meditation, also became a Baha’i. A Baha’i community of fifteen members was soon established in Bissau, as well as a small Baha’i center in its suburbs. Urged by the clergy to apostatize his newly-found Faith, Vieira refused to comply. As a result, he was dismissed from his governmental post and deprived of the benefits and privileges he had enjoyed.

Needing to support his family, he established a travel agency and a consulting business as a legal advisor. But all was not well. Strangely, his application for a visa was denied, a visa he needed to attend the Baha’i World Congress in London in 1963. Vieira’s great disappointment did not stop him from continuing to teach his beloved Faith to others, though.

Intrigues continued. Sensing his charisma and spiritual power, the clergy continued to oppose Vieira. His house was raided. His Baha’i materials were seized. His correspondence was intercepted. He was forbidden from holding Baha’i meetings in his home. Arrested on trumped-up charges several times, he was brutally beaten. In spite of being victimized, these actions served to increase his faith, confirming these words of Abdu’l-Baha:

To the loyal soul, a test is but God’s grace and favour; for the valiant doth joyously press forward to furious battle on the field of anguish, when the coward, whimpering with fright, will tremble and shake. So too, the proficient student, who hath with great competence mastered his subjects and committed them to memory, will happily exhibit his skills before his examiners on the day of his tests. So too will solid gold wondrously gleam and shine out in the assayer’s fire.

It is clear, then, that tests and trials are, for sanctified souls, but God’s bounty and grace, while to the weak, they are a calamity, unexpected and sudden. – Abdu’l-Baha, Selections from the Writings of Abdu’l-Baha, pp. 181-182.

Accused of “subversive political activity,” Vieira’s final arrest came in the spring of 1966. Mrs. Vieira told about the sequence of fateful events:

At about 4 a.m. on March 11 the police suddenly broke into the house and ordered my husband to keep quiet and not to move. After a thorough search of the house they permitted him to change his clothes and they took him away. We could not have contact with him. Even when we were permitted to take him some food through the help of the prison physician we were not allowed to see him. About ten days later the police brought him home to obtain the key to his office. It was one o’clock in the morning. This was the last time he saw his children … One day when I took food to him the doctor informed me that he would be taken to another room and I could glimpse my husband passing by. That was the last time I saw him. The officials ordered me to leave. After his death, through the intervention of the doctor, I was permitted to prepare his body for Baha’i burial. While washing we found his body full of the signs of tortures, especially on his head … we had a Baha’i funeral and prayers. – The Baha’i World, Volume XIV, p. 390.

Two days before his demise and knowing of his impending doom, Vieira managed to send messages scratched on the metal surface of a biscuit tin to his family. To his children, he said:

Dear children: Always be friendly towards all people. Do not have hate towards anyone. Life is eternal and it never ends; it finishes one cycle and begins another. Forgive all the wrongs of your father. May God protect you ….”

To his beloved wife, he wrote:

… This was the way of destiny. All is terminated. Love your fellowman and raise your children with love. Love everybody. Forgive all the wrongs I have done. Be able to face life with naturalness. Goodbye, and I wish you a long life, Duarte 29-3-1966. – Ibid.

Twenty days of torture ended with Vieira never seeing his fiftieth birthday. He lived his full life according to the words he had espoused before becoming a Baha’i:

But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you. – The Sermon on the Mount, Matthew 5:44.

Death completed Vieira’s earthly cycle–and began another:

Tell, Duarte Vieira, kindly tell,
What crime won you a prison cell?

Your testament, a biscuit tin –
What, Duarte Vieira, was your sin?

What was the error of your ways
That heaven’s Concourse sings your praise!

What offence did you commit?
Tell, that we may follow it.

Reveal your secret so that we
May, too, gain immortality.

Our skulking fears by you allayed,
We seek a crime so richly paid.

All Africa now vastly blessed:
Baha’s felon laid to rest.

Tell, Duarte Vieira, kindly tell,
What crime won you a prison cell?”

Roger White, Another Song, Another Season: Poems and Portrayals, p. 8.


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  • Fleur Missaghian
    May 05, 2019
    Thank you for writing this account of this precious man's sacrifice and love for Bahá'u'lláh and humanity dear Nancy. Such an example of steadfast courage x Much love to you my lovely friend, Fleur xx
  • Jan 30, 2018
    According to Mr. Moojan Momen, "Eduardo Duarte Vieira is considered the first African martyr of the Bahá'í Faith," But, "in reality, the first martyr was the Angolan Joaquim Sampaio."
    This is statement was published in an interview to an Angolan web journal “Maka Angola” published in May 2015.
  • Domingos da Gama
    Jun 13, 2017
    Yes, the reconstruction of the earth was made with blood, sweat and tears, giving place to a new world and new life. May Vieras's blessed soul rest in peace in the Abha Kingdom.
  • vida Wachob
    Jun 11, 2017
    What a beautiful story. Thank you for sharing.
  • Jun 09, 2017
    Beautiful story and so heart felt. I wasn't getting at all what Rudolf was saying in his post.
  • Jun 09, 2017
    This is just another proof of the futility to believe in an ever unhearing God, a good man and a family father throwing his precious life away for vain imaginings, wasting talent he could well have used for the benefit of his family and the African people, especially the people of Guinea - Bissau who were kept in the dark ages efficiently by ever conflicting Christian clergy and the Imams of Sunni islam. As a cicic servant he could have achieved so much, he cost to throw his precious life a way, what a fool.
    • vida Wachob
      Jun 11, 2017
      Dear friend,
      He not only was not a fool, but the wise man who gave his life for a bigger cause. He gave his life not only for progress of people of Guinea, but for the welfare, growth and progress of humanity. He gave his life for the Lord of creation and Unifier of the world...
  • Mike Brooks
    Jun 08, 2017
    I was blessed to meet Mrs. Vieira and her children in Dakar in late 1969. They had somehow managed to escape from Portuguese Guinea and were discovered by Baha'is in Senegal living in great difficulty in a refugee camp. I knew part of Duarte Vieira's story, but I'm very grateful and touched to hear more details. As I remember it (some parts are a little hazy), they were discovered in the refugee camp by a pioneer who volunteered there, and happened to notice a Baha'i ring on Mrs. Vieira's hand. If you know more details, and more about what has ...become of his blessed family, I'm sure we'd all be delighted to hear them. Thank you again, so much, for this information, which not many people are aware of.
    • Naomi Da Sylva
      Jan 07, 2020
      Hello, my grandmother and her kids never set a foot in a refugee camp, I don't know where you get that information but it's false, her name was Antonia, my grandfather called her Tonia, not Tania as written in the article, it's painful to read some of the comments.... My grandmother is not among us anymore nor two of her children but five of them are still alive and well, my aunts, my uncles and my mother.
    • Jun 09, 2017
      Mike, thank you very much for sharing this information. I am very glad to know this much, for, when I lived in Portugal the story was not widely known, nor did I ever hear of the whereabouts of Mrs. Vieira and her children. What souls! One year, at the U.K. Bahai Arts Academy, Barney Leith and I created a musical narrative to portray this extraordinary and blessed soul. There was not a dry eye. Thank you again for sharing your experience.
  • Melanie Black
    Jun 08, 2017
    Hello Nancy, I hope to read more essays (or articles) by you, for this one deeply affected me. Duarte Vieira, by your accounting and his last words to his family is a true Baha'i in every sense of the word. In his own words he testifies to his great love of God, of Baha'u'llah, his sincerity, humility, patience, detachment and so much more. you were just the right person to bring his story to us. Thank you.
    • Jun 18, 2017
      Thank you, Melanie. There are others on BT. You may enjoy the one on Maya Angelou or another about near-death experience or others that I have written, including one with my husband Barron.
  • Robert Green
    Jun 08, 2017
    beautiful story richly told. poem brought tears :) thank you. :)
  • Christopher Buck
    Jun 07, 2017
    Thank you for this noble narrative. So moving, vivid and memorable! Brought tears to my eyes. What a pure and blessed soul. A saint and martyr. A Baha'i extraordinaire.