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Plato may have had it right all along—he saw all created things as reflections of idealized forms.

In the previous essay in this series, we discussed how religious terms such as “spirit” and “Word of God” might have corollaries to concepts in modern physics. In this final essay, we will explore more challenging terms such as “eternal soul” and “God,” and see how the seeds of these concepts might also be present in science.

Both the modern scientific idea that fundamental matter is a product of a non-physical mathematical field; and that information can be an organizing and creative agent; find common root in the ancient Platonic ideas of idealized forms as the true reality. In a previous article I discussed the relationship between Plato’s ideas and these concepts of modern physics. Contemporary scientific thought understands that the physical forms expressed in our universe are as eternally recurring and deathless as the number 3 or π.

It is a short leap to realize that consciousness itself is at the very least a product of these mathematical relationships (if not much more), and as such is similarly eternally recurring and deathless. The Baha’i concept of an eternal soul could be understood in this context:

Some hold that the body is the substance and that it subsists by itself, and that the spirit is an accident which subsists through the substance of the body. The truth, however, is that the rational soul is the substance through which the body subsists. If the accident—the body—is destroyed, the substance—the spirit—remains. – Abdu’l-Baha, Some Answered Questions, newly revised edition, p. 276.

Interestingly, the rise of information technology has exposed the primacy of relational information over matter in a very direct way. In my opinion it underlies current popular ideas of the simulation hypothesis—the idea that all of reality, including the Earth and the universe, is in fact an artificial simulation. It becomes obvious that if our perception of the physical reality is so flimsy that it can be replicated across physical platforms, perhaps this betrays a profound mistake in what is the true “base-reality” of existence. The commonly assumed idea is that existence is physical; when in fact a proper understanding of base-reality reveals that it is instead a kind of relational information. 

The word ‘God’ is packed with even more baggage. The standard monotheistic definition describes an all powerful and benevolent Creator. However when this definition is examined carefully it fails, due to simple logical and mathematical consistency.

In fact mature consideration of the question of a singular and ultimate deity brings one to realize that such an entity cannot be contained by definitions. In the words of Baha’u’llah, the prophet and founder of the Baha’i Faith, God is “… sanctified above all attributes and holy above all names.”The Most Holy Book, p. 95.

At best the word “God” can only serve as a pointer towards the infinite, the “unknowable essence,” which at the very least functions as the source of all the math and primary information and order which underlies the operation of the universe. While the secular minded might choose to leave such an idea un-named, a religious individual calls this pointer God. 

In many ways, modern science should in fact be very comfortable with the concept of an eternal soul or consciousness, and with the primacy of the abstract field or spirit and order-generating information or “words of God.”

The break between the spiritually-minded and the secular on these terms would typically be on the word “God,” and consists in levels of abstraction below its primary meaning. The question is, has this ultimate reality ever manifested or communicated in some manner with humans?

On one level, based on our definitions the “Word of God” as “creative information,” the mere existence of our consciousness is sufficient proof of this—since it represents the very embodiment of creative information. As far as we know, human consciousness is the highest expression of creative information we have encountered. Humans become on some level definitional for what is knowable about God. This returns us to the ancient idea of man made “in the image of God” and inverts it, so humans represent the current limit of what is possible to know about God. 

In the Baha’i writings, Baha’u’llah takes this idea even further, teaching that among humans there exist rare beings who express a supreme type of consciousness. These individuals are known as prophets or manifestations of God, and include messengers like Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Buddha, Krishna and Baha’u’llah. Elaborating on the essential purpose of our existence and the relationship to these beings, Baha’u’llah explains:

The purpose of God in creating man hath been, and will ever be, to enable him to know his Creator and to attain His Presence. To this most excellent aim, this supreme objective, all the heavenly Books and the divinely-revealed and weighty Scriptures unequivocally bear witness. Whoso hath recognized the Day Spring of Divine guidance and entered His holy court hath drawn nigh unto God and attained His Presence, a Presence which is the real Paradise, and of which the loftiest mansions of heaven are but a symbol. – Baha’u’llah, Gleanings from the Writings of Baha’u’llah, p. 70.


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  • Randy Bonnette
    Mar 26, 2019
    Last term, I taught my students some examples from the Baha’i writings and we had a short debate about the supreme type of consciousness.Thanks for the article and it was a pleasant read (after so many "shallow" articles they post on Medium, BuzzFeed, etc.). I still wonder if I can guarantee that they can share valid statistics on about a scientific discovery without the bias and prejudices.
  • Greg Billington
    Jan 19, 2019
    Succinct and penetrating as always, Sir. Ty.
  • Farshad Fouladi
    Mar 18, 2018
    Great article. I wish to read more of this kind of articles, emphasizing on "THE HARMONY OF SCIENCE AND RELIGION" as a principle in Baha'i Faith.Especially such an article which shows the harmony of pure mathematics and Baha'i Faith writings/Revelations. While I was reading this article this Baha'i (substitute to Medium Obligatory) Prayer (Maqam-i Ayah Kabirah = The Station of the Great Verse) came to my mind. It is one verse that can be recited and it counts as one Medium Obligatory Prayer: “God testifieth that there is none other God but Him, the Help in Peril, the Self-Subsisting,” ... : شهد الله انّه لا اله الّا هو المهیمن القیّوم -Thanks for this great article. Best wishes.
  • Paul Bruce
    Feb 22, 2018
    Thank you for writing this article. Your depth of insight, and the details of said insight, remind me why I chose to become a Baha'i, for it has a way of answering every spiritual question in the way that satisfies me intellectually, not just emotionally.
  • Feb 21, 2018
    The idea that all of reality, including the Earth and the universe, is in fact an artificial simulation is meaningless. If we define the hardware running the simulation as the universe, and the maker of the hardware as God, we are back to the conventional monotheistic interpretation.
    • Feb 24, 2018
      Yes..actually you also get an infinite recursion of simulations. So the idea of some base physical reality becomes meaningless. The logical consequence of this type of thinking in my opinion leads one back to Plato.
    • Feb 21, 2018
      Yes and I would argue one gets and infinite recursion of simulations. Thus the idea of a 'true' base physical reality becomes meaningless..since if the simulation happens on one level then the same logic applies to and infinite number of higher levels of simulations. So one would have a simulation in a simulation in a simulation. This points to the fact we are mistaking physical sensations and physical things for true reality..when they are really just shadows stretching forth as Abdu'l-Baha describes it.
  • Mark David Vinzens
    Feb 21, 2018
    Consciousness is the Unified Field. This is already explained profoundly and perfectly in Vedanta. Vedanta is derived from two words, veda knowledge and anta end. Vedanta means the culmination of knowledge or supreme knowledge. “Knowledge” here means the knowledge of God as well as the knowledge of our own divine nature.