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Reason: The Forgotten Gem of Religion

Mark Heinz | Jan 13, 2015

The views expressed in our content reflect individual perspectives and do not represent the official views of the Baha'i Faith.

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Mark Heinz | Jan 13, 2015

The views expressed in our content reflect individual perspectives and do not represent the official views of the Baha'i Faith.

Religion can be and often has been corrupted by ideology and superstition. That’s made religion an easy target for critics, and sometimes left the faithful themselves wondering.

Every spiritual journey comes with the capacity for insight. As a Baha’i, my own observation has been that when the “obscuring dust,” so to speak, is cleared away; two things lie at the heart of religion: selfless love and rational understanding.

man readingMany people have widely expounded upon the topic of selfless love. But too often, I think, we ignore rational understanding, which altogether escapes the consideration of the faithful and the critics alike. I’m increasingly convinced that, while certainly all-loving, our creator is also essentially a rational being. Perhaps that’s what scripture means when it says we’re created in God’s image.

Bearing that in mind, do we approach religion for what it really is, or rather according to what we’ve been conditioned to think? If one considers the problems facing humanity, on both the microcosmic individual and macrocosmic societal levels, they’re almost all rooted in selfishness, lack of love and irrationality. Again, I think that latter problem gets overlooked–and yet, it’s probably the most urgent.

We can wish and pray for love and selflessness to soothe our troubled minds and chaotic world. But altruism, serenity and lasting peace can’t happen without reason. If we remain fundamentally irrational, perhaps simply following tradition and cultural conditioning without question, what we long for will continue to escape us.

Abdu’l-Baha, one of the central figures of the Baha’i Faith, frequently spoke and wrote eloquently and bluntly of the vital place reason holds in religion. In one passage, he says:

…religion is in harmony with science. The fundamental principles of the Prophets are scientific, but the forms and imitations which have appeared are opposed to science. If religion does not agree with science, it is superstition and ignorance; for God has endowed man with reason in order that he may perceive reality. The foundations of religion are reasonable. God has created us with intelligence to perceive them. If they are opposed to science and reason, how could they be believed and followed? – The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 128.

Furthermore, I don’t think that concept is unique to any particular faith. In reading the sacred text of various faiths, I’ve found gems of reason. Perhaps one of my favorite examples from Christianity is Christ’s teaching that “By their fruits, ye shall know them.”

I think that’s Christ giving us a nutshell lesson in critical thinking, to look to the ultimate ends, the “fruits” of intentions or ideas. Practically anything can be made to seem appealing, if it’s pitched cleverly enough. Indeed, the divisive pontification upon virtually any subject in our current society often rests in zero-sum rhetoric, appeals to emotion or other fallacies.

The crucible of reason requires we refrain from getting bogged down in the process of argument or caught up in the glittery distraction of rhetoric, but rather step back and take a detached, rational look at the ultimate ends, or “fruits” of any particular idea or intention.

Try using that simple, yet effective method to separate the healthy fruit of useful ideas from the rotten fruit of ideology. A good application of that principle just calls for thoughtful consideration of your own ideas and intentions.

Our minds use the tools of ideas to serve humanity, not the other way around. I’m convinced reason is our creator’s most precious gift. Refusing to cultivate it and put it to good use clearly constitutes a terrible display of ingratitude.

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Comments

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  • Jan 14, 2015
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    Thank you, Mark. This strikes a chord with me, especially the "mental jabber". ( I don't understand the relevance to the title "Reason, the Forgotten Gem of Religion"?)
  • Jan 13, 2015
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    Some forms of utterance, Mark, have the power of magic.
    The Prophet Muhammad was once asked: "Where does beauty lie?" "It lies upon the tongue." said He.
    And yet as though to befuddle this amateur scrivener hiding behind his tongue James 3:8 adds:
    "But the tongue can no man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of deadly poison." (KJV)
    Your article has riddled me the how and the why. Many thanks
    Baha'i love
    Paul
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