Since birth, we have all taken part in the never-ending process of learning about ourselves and who we want to be.

In childhood and youth, our search for our true identity usually reaches its peak, but it never really stops. We seek self-knowledge constantly—it seems built in to our basic humanity. As Aristotle said, “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.”  

Ralph Ellison wrote “When I discover who I am, I’ll be free.” In Alice in Wonderland, the author Lewis Carroll asked “Who in the world am I? Ah, that’s the great puzzle.”    

So when we look for ourselves, who do we expect to find? We usually find ourselves by beginning to understand our particular type of personality, our interests, our occupation, our sexual orientation, our relationships including marriage and children, our political views, our religious and spiritual avocations, and many more.

But in a way, these are all labels—not our true identities. In the crucial moments of life, and at the hour of death, all of these labels give way to something deeper and more profound.

So who are we really? All religions say we are spirits with bodies.

To discover our spiritual identities, we all undertake one of two kinds of searches: to find that inner meaning, that core, in ourselves and in our lives, and then, to find a physical reality that we can fit into society.

That inner core is our human spirit:

But it is a spirit in man, And the breath of the Almighty gives them understanding. – Job 32:8

The spirit of man is the lamp of the Lord, Searching all the innermost parts of his being. – Proverbs 20:27

Due to humans’ dual spiritual and animal natures, both good or very good, or bad, or very bad, possibilities exist in humans. God is known through His attributes which are all light upon light; they are virtues like All-Merciful, All-Kind, All-Knowing etc. and not faults. – Qur’an 51:56.

The Baha’i teachings say this—and much more—about the human spirit:

In the world of existence there is nothing so important as spirit, nothing so essential as the spirit of man. The spirit of man is the most noble of phenomena. The spirit of man is the meeting between man and God. The spirit of man is the animus of human life and the collective center of all human virtues. The spirit of man is the cause of the illumination of this world. The world may be likened to the body; man is the spirit of the body, because the light of the world is the human spirit. Man is the life of the world, and the life of man is the spirit. The happiness of the world depends upon man, and the happiness of man is dependent upon the spirit. The world may be likened to the lamp chimney, whereas man is the light. Man himself may be likened to the lamp; his spirit is the light within the lamp. – Abdu’l-Baha, The Promulgation of Universal Peace, pp. 239-240.

The Baha’i writings also describe the human spirit as “the rational soul.” Abdu’l-Baha said this when describing the stations of the divine prophets and messengers:

The second station is that of the rational soul, which is the human reality. This also has a beginning, and the Manifestations of God share it in common with all humanity. – Some Answered Questions, newly revised edition, p. 172.

We each search for our soul, that unique part of us that defines who we are, that “spirit within us” that makes us different than everyone else on the planet, even though we have innumerable things in common.

We all have a soul, the human spirit, in common too.

That’s one reason why Baha’is try to stay clear of controversies about identity. Each person’s identity is the sum of many individual and very personal decisions. Our identities have deep societal implications, and laws and policies can unify or divide. It’s not easy to find one’s identity as a human being, so we all need to go beyond simple tolerance–mere tolerance of diversity was relegated to the dustheap of history years ago. Acceptance, cooperation and unity are called for now.

Just because civil laws change and evolve to legalize certain identity designations, Baha’is still view every human being as a unique and precious soul. That view means we must extend a hand, seek to understand and give aid, and offer our selfless service to humanity, no matter what color or gender or viewpoint:

Inasmuch as all were created in the image of God, we must bring ourselves to realize that all embody divine possibilities. If you go into a garden and find all the flowers alike in form, species and color, the effect is wearisome to the eye. The garden is more beautiful when the flowers are many-colored and different; the variety lends charm and adornment. In a flock of doves some are white, some black, red, blue; yet they make no distinction among themselves. All are doves no matter what the color.

This variety in forms and colorings which is manifest in all the kingdoms is according to creative wisdom and has a divine purpose. Nevertheless, whether the creatures be all alike or all different should not be the cause of strife and quarreling among them … Then will the world become as one great garden of flowering humanity, variegated and multicolored, rivaling each other only in the virtues and graces which are spiritual. – Abdu’l-Baha, The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 113.

The opinions and views expressed in this article are those of the author only and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of BahaiTeachings.org or any institution of the Baha’i Faith.

5 Comments

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  • rodney Richards
    6 days ago
    Self, consciousness, soul, spirit are tied so closely together as to be almost indistinguishable except for how we each emanate them in this world. And its this world, specifically living in this world with others that is paramount to our existence. The old saying has never been truer, "When one is preoccupied with finding bread to feed one's family, there is not much that will engender seeking one's soul." Even Les Miserables aside. We have work to do, feeding, clothing and housing the people of the world so that they each have a chance to experience the Creator in for ...themselves. Spiritual, cooperation-based, altruistic attitudes will help with that task, and service to others may be the greatest path to finding oneself.
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    • 4 days ago
      The article didn't cover the topics you raised in your new post. Instead, it was about how labels are false identities. While it is possible to over-identify with any or all one's label, the article gives the impression that labels rather than attachments to labels as being the issue. This brings up the issue of the extreme of dissociation and the label-blind ignoring of all identity. The article leads to the implication that for people to find their true identity, not simply detaching from overatchment to labels, but even a radical getting rid of labels so much so that people ...forget that label even exist at all is required. Helping people despite the labels they have by helping them to be label rejecters is the article in a nutshell.
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  • Jun 10, 2018
    The whole soul/spirit concept gets more complicated when you add Buddhism into a list of world religions. There are some articles on the Soka Humanism on this issue. There is whole range of Buddhist sutras and Buddhist texts that gives an extremely large source of quotes, but the Threefold Lotus Sutra (innumerable Meanings Sutra, Lotus Sutra, and Samantabhadra Meditation Sutra), Writings of Nichiren Daishonin, and Writings of Presidents of Soka Gakkai are the texts quoted throughout the website. Nichiren Buddhism Library is a free online sources of some of the quoted books.
    • Jun 12, 2018
      The issue with the point raised is that anyone who has extensively read sutras/suttas and their view versus the views they compare and contrast with in order to refute is the sophistry of qualifying unqualified statements. Tantra aka Hindu teachings aimed at self-realization have crept some kind of crypto-Hindu teachings into Vajrayana forms of Buddhism for example. A sentient being is a bundle of five elements which are either body elements or mind elements. Consciousness, a mind element, is further divided into, nine consciousness. The seventh one, specifically storehouse consciousness, is responsible for why people think even loose concepts of ...a soul/spirit/whatever exist. Consciousness does not equal even a redefined concept of soul.
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    • Mark David Vinzens
      Jun 11, 2018
      The soul is not static, but an infinitely dynamic process (!) of conscious unfoldment. Buddhists are right with that. However, we believe that the Soul is made for paradise ascension and eternal life. „The path of cosmic spirituality is the great quest to evolve an immortal soul that is rich in quality and broad in extent because of our life experiences. But the journey also contributes at each step to the evolution of all other selves and souls, here and throughout the universe, and into an endless future.“ (Your Evolving Soul, Byron Belitsos)